PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Claiming descent from Jaisal, founder of the State of Jaisalmer in 1156, the founder of this Sikh dynasty, Phul, was Chaudhri (Governor) of a country located at the south east of Dihli. Phul’s descendants founded 3 States: Patiala, Jind and Nabha. In 1763, the Emir of Afghanistan awarded the Chaudhri the dignity of Raja. The rulers were....
Raja ALA SINGH 1763/1765, born 1691 at Phul, in present day Bathinda district of the Punjab, the third son of Bhai Ram Singh, granted the title of Raja, with the robes of honour as well as with a drum and a banner as insignia of royalty by Ahmad Shah Durrani, married at an early age in 1707 to Rani Fateh Kaur , daughter of Chaudhari Khana, a zamindar of the village Kaleke, now in Sangrur district of the Punjab and had issue, she died in 1773 at Patiala and was cremated at Shahi Samadhan, the royal cemetery. He died on 7 August 1765 at Patiala and was cremated in the Fort, now inside the city. Bhumia Singh, married and had issue. He died vp about 1743. Bibi Rajindar Kaur 1739-1791, married Chaudhuri Tilok Chand of Bhagwara. Sardul Singh, married (a) Rani Hukman Kaur, daughter of the Sardar of Bhikhe, (b) Mai Deso, widow of his cousin Jodh Singh, and had issue. He died 1753.
Raja-i-Rajgan AMAR SINGH (by Rani Hukman Kaur) (qv) Sahib Himmat Singh (by Mai Deso), died 1774. Lal Singh, married Bibi Bhagan but died spvp. Bibi Pardhan Kaur Raja-i-Rajgan AMAR SINGH 1765/1781, born 6th June 1748, Raja-i-Rajgan , married (a) Rani Raj Kaur, (b) Mai Deso, his brothers widow, (c) Rani Khem Kaur died June 1821, and had issue. He died 5th February 1782. Bibi Sahib Kaur, born 1771, married Sardar Jaimal Singh Kanhaiya, died 1812, and had issue. She died 1799 (1801). Maharani Chand Kaur, married Maharaja KHARAK SINGH of Lahore and had issue. She died 13th June 1842 and was cremated the next day. Raja-i-Rajgan SAHIB SINGH (qv) Rajkumar Budh Singh
Raja-i-Rajgan SAHIB SINGH 1781/1813, born 18th August 1773, married 1stly 1787, Rani Ratan Kaur, daughter of Sardar Ganda Singh Bhangi, 2ndly 1792 Rani Aus Kaur, born 1772, daughter of Sardar Gurdus Singh Chattah, she administered the state during the minority of her son, later retiring to her estate at Sanaur, about 7 km south of Patiala, where she spent the last years of her life dying in 1821, and had issue. He died 26th March 1813.
Maharaja KARAM SINGH (ex 2nd wife)(qv) Rajkumar Ajit Singh, married June 1829. Maharaja KARAM SINGH 1813/1845, born 12th October 1797, Maharaja , married and had issue. He died 23rd December 1845.
Maharaja NARENDRA SINGH (qv) Maharajkumar Dip Singh, 1825-1862. Maharaja NARENDRA SINGH 1845/1862, born 26th November 1823, married 7 wives, including Maharani Karam Kaur, daughter of Sardar Ghulab Singh Buria, and had issue, 1 son and 3 daughters. He died 13th November 1862.
Maharaja MAHENDRA SINGH (qv) Maharani Sateha Devi , born 1845, married into the Dholpur Royal Family. Rani Bishan Kaur, born 1849, married 1859 Raja JASWANT SINGH of Bharatpur and had issue. She died 17th February 1870. Daughter, married Sardar Narain Singh, son of Sardar Dewa Singh of Sialba.
Maharaja MAHENDRA SINGH 1862/1876, born 16th September 1852, married 3rdly a daughter of Mian Mahtab Singh Dhaliwal and had issue. He died 18th April 1876.
HH Maharaja RAJENDRA SINGH Bahadur (qv) Raja Sahib Sir Ranbir Singh, K.C.S.I. , Raja , married and had issue. He died 18th January 1916. Yadvhendra Kaur, married Ranabur Kishor Dev Varman of Tripura. Daughter, married Raja JAGANNATH SINGH, Jagirdar of Daulatpur. Daughter, married 1884 Sardar Jiwan Singh of Shahzadpur , born 1860, C.S.I. SON (by 3rd wife), born 17th October 1867, died young.
HH Maharaja RAJENDRA SINGH Bahadur 1876/1900, born 25th May 1872, G.C.S.I., married (b) 13th April 1893, Florence Gertrude Bryan, christened 20th December 1873, daughter of Charles and Minnie Bryan, died about 1896, and had issue. He died 8th November 1900.
Maj.Gen. HH Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia Mansur-i-Zaman Amir-ul-Umra Maharaja Dhiraj Rajeshwar Sir Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan BHUPENDRA SINGH Mahendra Bahadur (qv) Colonel Rao Raja Shri Birendra Singh Sahib, born 1898, educated at Aitchison Chiefs' College, Lahore; served in the Afghan War 1919, married and had issue, 6 daughters and 1 son. Raja Harendra Singh, multinational executive, wildlife conservationist, agriculturist, President Rotarian, member of the Masonic Lodge, married Rani Sarojdevi Harendra Singh, and has issue. Raj Kumari Dharmesh Nandini Patel (Patiala and Dehradun, India) Raj Kumar Janak Singh, works for DaimlerChrysler AG. (Montreal, Canada) Maj.Gen. HH Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia Mansur-i-Zaman Amir-ul-Umra Maharaja Dhiraj Rajeshwar Sir Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan BHUPENDRA SINGH Mahendra Bahadur 1900/1938, born 12th October 1891 at Patiala (#1), educated at the Aitchison College in Lahore, invested with full ruling powers on 3rd November 1910, G.C.S.I. , G.C.I.E. , G.C.V.O. , G.B.E. (Mil) , Member of Standing Committee of Indian Princes' Chamber (ten times elected Chancellor of the Chamber of Princes during the 1920's and 1930's), Commander-in-Chief of the Patiala Forces, Honourary Lieutenant-Colonel of the Ist Ludhiana Sikhs, Hon. Col. 15th Ludhiana Sikhs, Hon. Maj.-Gen. in British Army, Fellow of the Royal Geographical, Zoological and Horticultural Societies, Member of the Royal Colonial Institute, Member of Royal Asiatic Society, appointed Hon. ADC to HM 1922, served in WWI 1914/18 receiving Grand Cordon of the Order of the Nile, and of Order of Leopold of Belgium, Grand Cross of of Orders of Crown of Italy, Crown of Roumania, and St Saviour of Greece, and of Legion of Honour, served in the Afghan War 1919, represented India at League of Nations Assembly 1925, captained the Indian cricket team on its 1911 tour of England, president of the All-India Gundog League and vice-president of the Indian Kennel Association, chancellor and chief patron of the Sikhs' premier educational institution - the Khalsa College at Amritsar, he married 1908 HH Maharani Bakhtavar Kaur, daughter of Sardar Gurnam Singh of Jind, (mother of seven children, five of whom died young), and had issue, 88 children in all, mostly by concubines. He died at Patiala, from heart failure, on 22nd March 1938. Lt.Gen. HH Shri Maharajadhiraja Sir YADAVINDRA SINGHJI Mahendra Bahadur (qv) Maharani Kailash Kumari Devi, married 1932 HH Maharajah Sir RAJENDRA NARAYAN SINGH Deo of Patna. Raja Bhalendra Singh (Peter), born 9th October 1919 (?19th August 1919 #2), educated at the Aitchison College, Lahore, and at Cambridge University, became a life member of the International Olympic Committee in 1947, President of the Patiala Union Olympic Association till 1957, Vice-President of the Punjab Olympic Association till 1960, President of the Amateur Athletics Federation of India, President of the Indian Olympic Association 1959/1975 and 1980/1984, honoured with the Padma Bhushan Award in recognition of his services to sports, as well as the International Distinguished Service Award in 1982 (presented by the US Sports Academy), chief architect in the formation of the Olympic Council of Asia, elected to the Punjab Legistature Assembly in 1958, he worked in the home and education departments of PEPSU, also served as Director of the State Bank of Patiala, married Rani Harminder Kaur, born 1932, died 1st August 2000, and had issue. He died 16th April 1992 at New Delhi (#1). Raja Randhir Singh, Secretary General of the Indian Olympic Association and the Olympic Council of Asia. Rani Padmesh Kaur, died 30th May 2003 at Simla. Raja Brajendra Singh, married and had issue. He died 1958. Rani Durgeshnandini Devi, married the Raja of Ranpur in Orissa. Maharaj Kumari Shailendra Kumari, married 1951 Maharaj Kumar Sri Himmat Singh of Jodhpur, and has issue. Kunwarani Ramesh Kumari, married Kunwar Suresh Prakash Singh, Taluqdar of Tikra. Sardarni Kamlesh Kumari, married Sardar Jasbir Singh. Daughter, married Maharaja GOVIND SINGH of Maihar. Rani Yadhuvansh Kumari, married Col. Raja SURENDRA SINGH of Nalagarh. Shashank Kumari, married into the Dalippur Royal Family. Dinesh Kumari, married into the Bijawar Royal Family.
Lt.Gen. HH Shri Maharajadhiraja Sir YADAVINDRA SINGHJI Mahendra Bahadur 1938/1974, born 7th January 1913, educated at Aitchison College at Lahore, spent some time at the Punjab Police School, Phillaur, in 1931, he was made Superintendent of Police for Patiala district, graduating two years later to the rank of Inspector-General. In 1933, he was appointed the Chancellor of Khalsa College, Amritsar, and he held this position for a number of years. He donned Indian colours in 1934 when he was selected to play against England, he was also north Indian tennis champion, and led the Patiala polo team. President of Indian Olympic Association 1938/1960, appointed an aide-de-camp to the British King and pro-chancellor of the Chamber of Princes in March 1946. Rajpramukh of PEPSU, which in November 1956, in accordance with the recommendations of the States Reorganization Commission, was merged with East Punjab. Member of the Indian delegation to the 11th session of the United Nations General Assembly. In 1958, he represented India in Paris at the 10th annual conference of UNESCO, and in 1959, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1967 and 1969 he led the Indian team at meetings of the UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). In 1960, the government made him chairman of the newly created Indian Council of Sports, a body designed to oversee the whole sporting sphere and advise on the allocation of public money to sports teams and facilities. In 1965, he was appointed to the prestigious post of Indian Ambassador in Rome, where he served until 1967. He presided over the Sikh Eductional Conference annual sessions held at Patiala (1949), Delhi (1952) and Indore (1961). He was also the chairman of the Punjabi University Commission which preceded the establishment in 1962 of Punjabi University at Patiala. He was chosen president of the Guru Gobind Singh Foundation as well as of the Guru Nanak Foundation, the former set up to honour the tercentenary of the birth of Guru Gobind Singh (1967) and the latter the quincentenary of the birth of Guru Nanak (1969). In 1970 he took on a new role as chairman of the Indian Horticulture Development Council and the following year took up his second and last permanent diplomatic posting at the Hague in the Netherlands, married 1stly 1933, HH Maharani Mehtab Kaur died sp, married 2ndly 1938, HH Maharani Mahindar Kaur, born 1922, daughter of Sardar Harchand Singh Jaijee, and had issue. On the 17th June 1974, he suffered a severe heart attack and died. His body was flown to India and was cremated with full state honours on 21st June at Patiala in the family crematorium, the Shahi Samadhan.
Capt. HH Maharajadhiraj Shri AMARINDER SINGH (qv) Maharajkumar Malwinder Singh, born 1944. Maharajkumari Heminder Kumari, born 1st June 1939, married 21st August 1967, Kanwar Natwar Singh and has issue. Maharajkumari Rupinder Kumari, born 1940. Capt. HH Maharajadhiraj Shri AMARINDER SINGH (see above)